'To-day one meets the citizens of all countries on the steamers, especially Russians on ships which ply between America and Russia. Since the Russian revolution thousands of Russians have crossed the Pacific and these men and women who were residents of New York, Seattle, Chicago and Newark have flocked to the land of their birth to become officials and businessmen. One of the Bolshevist commissars of Khabarovsk, the capital of the Amur, was a Chicago lawyer. Petrograd and Moscow were filled with political agitators from New York and New Jersey. In nearly every Siberian city were refugees from cities on our western coast. On the Nippon Maru were more of these Russian-Americans en route to their native land, Bolshevist, Menshevist, ad Monarchist, plotter and peaceful citzen.
Walking the deck one evening I met a young Russian Jew from one of the communicating suburbs of New York. He had been in the United States three years, and was now en route to Russia in search for his family which he had left in a small town near Moscow.
"I don't know ver my vife iss," he said. "I half not heard about her or my children since April."
"You have an American passport?" I asked.
"No, a Russian."
"Were you in sympathy with the revolution?"
"Zertainly," was his quick answer. He was a keen, determined fellow and his English, while not perfect, showed that he had been utilizing every opportunity to improve it in his humble circumstances because he had been working in a junk-shop near Newark, and had saved five thousand dollars in three years!' (15) [+]
'Having feasted and entertained us to good Russian music, admonished us and put our passports in order, the kind-hearted Gowkovsky packed us off to Petrograd in charge of half a dozen or more of his trusty henchmen. Several of these were Jews - clever, brainy, shrewd, dogmatic; excellent linguists, perfect interpreters.
One of the facts we marked very soon in our adventurous career was the large number of Jews who occupy positions of trust and influence in the Revolutionary Administration. We remarked upon it to the Jews themselves. We were informed that only two of the seventeen People's Commissars were Jews, but that very considerable numbers indeed were employed in administrative posts, both nationally and locally, and by the Extraordinary Commission. As the membership and activity of large numbers of Jews is a feature of continental Socialist societies, particularly in Central and Eastern europe, it is worth considering for a moment why this should be so.' (16) [+]
'Said one of the best-known Jewish leaders in Russia to me when I had gently complained of too much discipline and too little freedom:
"But the Russian people are like children. They are not educated. They know nothing. They have been accustomed for centuries to slavery and dictation. Would you have us allow them to destroy themselves by their own incapacity and inexperience? Would you give a vote to each of those millions of ignorant peasants? It would be like putting a knife into the hands of a baby."
How familiar it all sounded to me, as reminiscences of the Woman Suffrage fight in England came to my mind, and I recalled the fact that this baby and carving-knife argument was one of the pet excuses for denying women their freedom.
None the less it is true that the Russian people in the main are unaccustomed to freedom, and by their nature and temperament are proper material for the exercise of power by the educated, dominating Jew. It would not be fair, however, to neglect to say that of those persons who spoke to me privately in condemnation of the Bolsheviki, a very considerable number, if not the majority, were also Jews. One is driven to the conclusion that it is the activity and strength of his mind, and not necessarily a proclivity for Bolshevist theory which is chiefly responsible for the commanding position of the Jew in the political affairs of Europe in general and of Russia in particular.
Another Jew, a fair-haired, blue-eyed Jew from the United States, met us on the Russian frontier, and offered us greetings in the name of the Soviet Republic. He was an interesting personality, whose history as a leader of strikes in America he unfolded to us on the journey from the frontier to Petrograd.' (17) [+]
'One of the very ablest of the People's Commissars is the Acting-Commissar for Ways and Communications, Sverdloff. We travelled in his company from Nijini-Novgorod to Astrakhan. He it was who kindly put at our disposal the train de luxe which carried our sick friend from Saratov to Reval, and whose considerate kindness on the ship enabled us to save his life.
He is in appearance slight and pale, of Jewish birth, with dark expressive eyes and rather autocratic manner. He has been many times in prison for his political faith, although his revolutionary record appears to have been less lurid than that of his brother who recently died of the pestilence. He was in exile in America and England for some years, and studied with acute intelligence American business methods, particularly American business discipline.' (18) [+]
'To begin with, these excesses are not organized by Russians, but by Jews and they are carried out by Letts and soldiers of the Central Powers in Russian uniform.' (19) [+-]
'We arrived at Divisional Headquarters the following day, and were lodged in the loft of a warehouse. The ground floor was a guard room, the second floor was a place of detention for Russian soldiers, and our loft was shared by spies - mostly Jews.' (20) [+-]
'The hospital kitchen was in the hands of a Polish Jew and his wife. They had begun the war with almost nothing, and they were now said to be worth thousands of pounds. No money by the kitchen but some stuck to their palms. His staff collected money for a water carrier, and gave it to him to disburse. He put it in his own pocket, and used to pay the man out of Government funds. His soldiers were so angry with him that at the outbreak of the Revolution he was one of the first they impeached. He was sent to Irkutsk to await his trial, but the case dragged on interminably. After the Bolsheviks came in he was released, and when I last heard of him he was occupying some position under their Government.' (21) [+]
'The Bolshevik leaders themselves can be divided into two classes, idealists and adventurers. Some of them are Jews, hiding under a Russian alias and taking a revengeful toll for their centuries of oppression; others are Letts, Poles, Armenians, or members of the conquered races.' (22) [-]
'It is not the fact that all Jews are Bolshevik; on he contrary, very many of them have suffered bitterly from the terror. This could not be otherwise, when it is reflected that the legal profession and journalism in Russia are largely recruited from among men of Jewish blood, and that the Press and the law courts have been abolished by the Bolsheviks. The journalists especially did good and dangerous work for Russia until they were finally muzzled. But it is the fact that almost all the Bolshevik leaders are Jews or have intimate Jewish connections.' (23) [-]
'Spies of the Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counter-revolution, the mechanism for maintaining and spreading terror, receive a salary and ten per cent of their victim's property. By such means the Russian nation has been reduced to a condition of complete subservience to the rule of a comparatively small number of men of almost exclusively Jewish extraction, aliens, that is, in blood, in education, in ideals, and supported by alien force. The extent to which this is generally recognised is shown by the common gibe in Petrograd: "Are you a Commissar or do you belong to the Orthodox religion?"' (24) [-]
'I asked a Jewish acquaintance to get my ticket for me. How this remarkable race manages, no one knows, but it is a fact that Jews are always able to get railway tickets, and never have to stand in food queues. And, sure enough, on the morrow I had a ticket to Saratov and a reserved seat to Moscow without having to pay more than a few roubles above the proper rate.' (25) [+]
'It is noticeable that under Bolshevik conditions, hardly anyone but Jews and Red Army people travel.' (26) [+-]
'The Russian Jews have always hated the Government; they did much to forment the Revolution, and played a leading part in bringing about the subsequent disasters.' (27)
'The very moment the Duma elected an Executive Committee, a Council of the Petrograd workmen sprang up as by magic; and it is to be noted that most of its members were Jews, some of them with assumed Russian names.' (28) [-]
'The 3rd squadron very soon underwent a change, due to the influence of proceedings at Rovno, where the population, which consisted chiefly of Jews was indulging in noisy celebrations of the Revolution.' (29) [-]
(15) Carl Ackerman, 1919, 'Trailing The Bolsheviki: Twelve Thousand Miles with the Allies in Siberia', 1st Edition, Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, p. 7. It should be noted that the jew Ackerman quotes goes on to say on p. 8 that he is 'not a socialist', but this is still useful in demonstrating the sympathy for far left politics among jews who were professed (in this case implied) capitalists in economic ideology.
(16) Mrs Philip Snowden, 1920, 'Through Bolshevik Russia', 1st Edition, Cassell and Company: London, pp. 27-28. The author was the Viscountess of Snowden when this book was written and this particular passage leads into a short apology on behalf of jews and an attempt to justify Snowden's observation of the number of jews who were in ranking positions in the Bolshevik administration via suggesting that they were the majority of the 'educated Russians'.
(17) Ibid., pp. 29-30.
(18) Ibid., pp. 124-125.
(19) Hereward Price, 1919, 'Boche & Bolshevik: Experiences of an Englishman in the German Army and in Russian Prisons', 1st Edition, John Murray: London, p. 96. I have noted this source as being potentially unreliable, because Price seems to just repeat what he had heard, rather than what he had seen, on this point.
(20) Ibid., p. 100. I have noted this source as being potentially unreliable, because Price doesn't indicate how he knew the spies were jews, which weakens his credibility as a source.
(21) Ibid., p. 163.
(22) G. E. Raine, Edouard Luboff, 1920, 'Bolshevik Russia', 1st Edition, Nisbet & Co: London, p. 48. I have marked this as a potentially unreliable source on the grounds that it seems to refer to the 'Commissar Lists', which were commonly reprinted and believed at the time of writing and publishing.
(23) John Pollock, 1919, 'The Bolshevik Adventure', 1st Edition, Constable and Company: London, p. xx. I have marked this as a potentially unreliable source on the grounds that it seems to refer to the 'Commissar Lists', which were commonly reprinted and believed at the time of writing and publishing.
(24) Ibid. p. 104.
(25) Ibid. p. 208.
(26) Ibid. p. 217. I have marked this as a potentially unreliable source on the grounds that Pollock does not detail how he knew the non-Red Army railways users were jews and hence damages his credibility.
(27) Baron P. Graevenitz, 1918, 'From Autocracy to Bolshevism', 1st Edition, George Allen & Unwin: London, p. 19.
(28) Ibid. p. 84. I have marked this as a potentially unreliable source on the grounds that it seems to refer to the 'Commissar Lists', which were commonly reprinted and believed at the time of writing and publishing.
(29) Ibid., p. 97.